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Users' Guides (UG)
Rational Clinical Exam (RCE)
Care at the Close of Life (CCL)
UG Education Guides
RCE Education Guides
CCL Education Guides
Terms are derived from
Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Practice, 2nd Edition
The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis
Care at the Close of Life: Evidence and Experience.
Updated May 2013.
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Qualitative research focuses on social and interpreted, rather than quantifiable, phenomena and aims to discover, interpret, and describe rather than to test and evaluate. Qualitative research makes inductive, descriptive inferences to theory concerning social experiences or settings, whereas quantitative research makes causal or correlational inferences to populations. Qualitative research is not a single method but a family of analytic approaches that rely on the description and interpretation of qualitative data. Specific methods include, for example, grounded theory, ethnography, phenomenology, case study, critical theory, and historiography.
Any procedure, method, or philosophy for collecting, processing, or analyzing data that is aimed at maintaining or improving the appropriateness of health care services.
An approach to defining, measuring, improving, and controlling practices to maintain or improve the appropriateness of health care services.
Quality of care
The extent to which health care meets technical and humanistic standards of optimal care.
Quality of health care
The degree of excellence of health care.
Quality of life
An individual or group’s general well-being.
Quality of Life Questionnaire
Measures the relationship between a patient’s quality of life and other conditions, such as physical health and psychological health.
Quality-adjusted life expectancy
The number of years of expected life corrected for the quality of life that patients are expected to experience in those years.
A unit of measure for survival that accounts for the effects of suboptimal health status and the resulting limitations in quality of life. For example, if a patient lives for 10 years and his or her quality of life is decreased by 50% because of chronic lung disease, survival would be equivalent to 5 quality-adjusted life-years. See also
The investigation of phenomena that lend themselves to test well-specified hypotheses through precise measurement and quantification of predetermined variables that yield numbers suitable for statistical analysis.
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